Swami Karpatri

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Swami Karpatri (Swāmi Karpātrī; 1907–1982; born as Har Narayan Ojha in a village called Bhatni of Pratapgarh, Uttar Pradesh, India) was a monk in the Hindu dashanami monastic tradition.[1]


He was a disciple of Shankaracharya of Jyotirmath Swami Brahmananda Saraswati.[2] He was also the founder of Dharma Sangha in Varanasi where he spent most of his life. He was a teacher in the Advaita Vedanta tradition of Hindu philosophy. According to French indologist, Alain Daniélou, Karpatri initiated him into Shaivite Hinduism.[3]


In 1948, Swami Karpatri founded the Ram Rajya Parishad, a traditionalist Hindu party. He led a movement against the Hindu Code Bill but he was unsuccessful in blocking it.[4] He was also a prominent agitator in 1966 anti-cow slaughter agitation.

Other works[edit]

On 18 April 1948, he founded the newspaper Sanmarg which promoted Sanatan Dharma and also advocated the Hindu Code Bill and voiced opposition on cow slaughters.[5]

Further reading[edit]

Life history of Swami Karpatri [archive] of Banaras [archive]

Lutgendorf, Philip. 1991. The Life of a Text: Performing the Rāmcaritmānas of Tulsidas. Berkeley: University of California Press, pp. 384–387.

  • Alain Danielou:Le chemin due labyrinthe
  • TC/ RK Majupuria:Sadhus and Saints of Nepal and India


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  1. Swami Karpatri The Linga and the great goddess Indica bolls, <templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css" />ISBN 818656988X
  2. Rama, Swami (1999) Himalayan Institute, Living With the Himalayan Masters, page 247
  3. Unknown author, Portrait of Alain Danielou [archive] Official web site of Alain Danielou, retrieved Sept 8, 2012
  4. Hindu code bill and Dr.B.R.Ambedkar by Sohanlal Shastri
  5. Mahila Patrakarita [archive] (in Hindi). Prabhat Prakashan. 2012. p. 73. ISBN 9789350481189. Retrieved 14 December 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>