Satish Chandra

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Satish Chandra supports the Marxist approach to history. He has been frequently accused on distorting history and furthering the failed Marxist theology, often by targeting Hindu customs and beliefs.[1] He along with several other "eminent" historians have been accused of several duplicitous methods. For example, rather than quoting contemporary historians of an era and supporting evidence, they quote each other of similar failed Marxist and anti-Hindu persuasion to further their political agenda and sacrifice it on the altar of honest history.

  • Satish Chandra's Medieval India (NCERT 2000) by Meenakshi Jain (MS Word) [1]
Satish Chandra
File:Satish Chandra.jpg
Chandra in 2016
Born (1922-11-20)20 November 1922
Meerut, Uttar Pradesh
Died 13 October 2017(2017-10-13) (aged 94)
Nationality Indian
Alma mater Allahabad University
Occupation Historian
Known for Authoring books about medieval Indian history

Satish Chandra (20 November 1922 – 13 October 2017)[2] was an Indian historian whose main area of specialisation was medieval Indian history.[3]

Personal life[edit]

Satish Chandra was born in Meerut, Uttar Pradesh (then the United Provinces) to Sir Sita Ram, India's first High Commissioner to Pakistan,[4] and his wife, Basudevi.

He attended Allahabad University where he earned his B.A. (1942), M.A. (1944), and D.Phil (1948) under the supervision of R.P. Tripathi.[5][6] His doctoral thesis was on the Parties and Politics in 18th century India.[4]

He was married to Savitri and had three sons.[7]

Career[edit]

He taught at Allahabad University, Aligarh Muslim University, Delhi University, and Rajasthan University and was the Smuts' Visiting Professor at Cambridge in 1971. He was Professor of History at Jawaharlal Nehru University (JNU) in New Delhi.[8] Along with S. Gopal, Bipan Chandra, and Romila Thapar, he co-founded the Centre for Historical Studies at the School of Social Sciences in JNU.[9] He was Chairperson of the Centre for a few years. He was the Secretary and President of the Indian History Congress.[10]

Through the 1970s, he served as the Vice Chairman and Chairman of the University Grants Commission of India.[8] Among his various other appointments, he served in the council of the United Nations University, Tokyo between 1980 and 1986. He was an associated director of research at the Maison des Sciences de l'Homme as well as an executive board member at the International Congress of Historical Sciences, both in Paris.[10] In 1988, he was asked by Union Public Service Commission to head a committee to review the system of appointments to the higher civil services.[11]

Research and Ideology[edit]

Chandra has been described as one of India's leading scholars of the Mughal period and one of India's most influential historians.[12] His book, Medieval India, has been widely used as a textbook in schools and colleges around India.[12][8]

He belonged to the group of historians, along with Romila Thapar, R. S. Sharma, Bipan Chandra and Arjun Dev, who are sometimes referred to as "left-leaning" or "influenced by Marxist approach to history."[13] In 2004 his textbook was reintroduced in the national curriculum after a hiatus of six years.[14]

Selected books[edit]

Books authored
  • The 18th Century in India: Its Economy and the Role of the Marathas, the Jats, the Sikhs, and the Afghans. Calcutta: Centre for Studies in Social Sciences. 1986. OCLC 17970100.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Essays in Medieval Indian Economic History. New Delhi: Munshiram Manoharlal Publishers. 1987. ISBN 978-8121500852.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Mughal Religious Policies, the Rajputs & the Deccan. New Delhi: Vikas Pub. House. 1993. ISBN 978-0-7069-6385-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Historiography, religion, and state in medieval India. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications. 1996. ISBN 978-8124100356.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals. New Delhi: Har-Anand Publications. 1997. ISBN 978-8124105221.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Parties and Politics at the Mughal Court, 1707-1740. Oxford University Press. 2002. ISBN 978-0-19-565444-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • Essays on Medieval Indian History. New Delhi: Oxford University Press. 2003. ISBN 978-0-19-566336-5.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • State, Pluralism, and the Indian Historical Tradition. Oxford University Press. 2008. ISBN 978-0-19-569621-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • State, Society, and Culture in Indian History. Oxford University Press. 2012. ISBN 978-0-19-807739-8.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
Books edited
  • The Indian Ocean: Explorations in History, Commerce and Politics. Sage Publications. 1987. ISBN 978-81-7036-059-9.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  • With Arunalacham, B.; Suryanarayan, V., eds. (1993). The Indian Ocean and its Islands: Strategic, Scientific, and Historical Perspectives. Sage Publications. ISBN 978-0-8039-9455-3.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

References[edit]

  1. Shourie, Arun. Eminent Historians, Their Technology, Their Line, Their Fraud. Harper Collins. ISBN 978-93-5136-591-4.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "Historian Satish Chandra passes away". The Times of India. Retrieved 13 October 2017.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. T.K. Rajalakshmi (28 April – 11 May 2001). "Targeting history". Frontline. Archived from the original on 4 May 2008. Retrieved 21 March 2009. Cite uses deprecated parameter |deadurl= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. 4.0 4.1 Batabyal, Rakesh. Prof Satish Chandra: Historian and academic ambassador. National Herald.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. Who's who in India. Guide Publications. 1986. p. 81.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Sagar, H. L. (1986). Who's Who, Indian Personages. Crystal Ship Pub. p. 60.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. India Who's who. INFA Publications. 1990. p. 470.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Chandra, Satish (13 February 2002). "Guru Tegh Bahadur's Martyrdom". Outlook. Retrieved 25 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "Historian Bipan Chandra passes away". The Hindu. 30 August 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. 10.0 10.1 Chandra, Satish (2005). Medieval India: From Sultanat to the Mughals Part - II. Back-flap: Har-Anand Publications. ISBN 9788124110669.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. Arora, Ramesh; Goyal, Rajni (1996). Indian Public Administration (Revised Second ed.). New Delhi: Wishwa Prakashan. p. 363. ISBN 81-7328-068-1.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. 12.0 12.1 Avril, Powell (October 1995). "Reviews: Satish Chandra: Mughal religious policies: the Rajputs and the Deccan". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies. School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 58 (3): 582. doi:10.1017/S0041977X0001332X. Retrieved 6 March 2016.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Guichard, Sylvie (2010), The Construction of History and Nationalism in India, Routledge, p. 87, ISBN 1136949313<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. D.R. Chaudhry (28 April 2002). "Critiques galore!". The Tribune. Chandigarh. Retrieved 6 March 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>