Rajendra Singh (RSS)

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Prof. Rajendra Singh
Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh
In office
Preceded by Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras
Succeeded by K. S. Sudarshan
Personal details
Born 29 January 1922
Bulandshahar, United Provinces, British India
Died Script error: No such module "age".
Pune, Maharashtra, India
Alma mater Allahabad University

Rajendra Singh (राजेन्द्र सिंह ठाकुुर, 29 January 1922 – 14 July 2003 ), popularly called Rajju Bhaiya, was the fourth Sarsanghchalak of the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh (RSS). He was chief of that organisation between 1994 and 2000.[1] Rajendra Singh was the first non-Maharashtrian and non - Brahmin Sarsanghchalak of the RSS.[2]

He worked as a professor and head of the Department of Physics at Allahabad University but left to devote his life to the RSS in the mid-1960s.

Early life[edit]

File:Jaunpur commemoration sign - Rajju Bhaiya.jpg
Commemorative Plaque located at the Aryabhata Auditorium of the Physics Department “Prof. Rajendra Singh (Rajju Bhaiya) Institute of Physical Sciences for Study and Research” of the Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur, India. Translation from Hindi :”Prof. Rajendra Singh (Rajju Bhaiyya) Institute of Physical Sciences for Study and Research's Aryabhata Auditorium, was inaugurated by the hands of world renowned scientists Prof. Shri Krishna Joshi - Padma Bhushan F.N.A, Prof. Krishna Lal - F.N.A, Prof. Vikram Kumar - Dr Raja Ramanna Fellow, DRDO, Prof. Bal Krishna Agrawal - F.N.A, Prof. (Dr) Nico F. Declercq - France, on 16 November 2019, and by Prof. Dr Raja Ram Yadav - Vice Chair of Veer Bahadur Singh Purvanchal University, Jaunpur.

Rajendra Singh was born to Jwala Devi and Balbir Pratap Singh on 29 January in either 1921[3] or 1922 in village banail district buladshahar city of state Uttar Pradesh, when his father was posted there as an engineer.[4] Originally his father Balbir Pratap Singh belonged to village Banail Pahasu of Bulandshahr district.[3]

Singh matriculated from Unnao.[5] After that he was enrolled at the Modern School (New Delhi) for a brief period before moving to St Joseph's College, Nainital. Progressing to Allahabad University, he obtained B.Sc.,M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees.[3]

Academic career[edit]

Singh was acknowledged as an exceptionally brilliant student by Sir C. V. Raman, the physicist and Nobel Prize-winner, when he was his examiner in M.Sc. He also offered Singh a fellowship for advanced research in nuclear physics.[5][6]

He joined Allahabad University after majoring in Physics to teach Spectroscopy.[7] He taught at the university for several years, where later he was appointed head of the Physics Department.[5]

Singh was also considered an expert in nuclear physics which was very rare those days in India.[8] He was a very popular teacher of the subject, using simple and clear concepts.[5]

Association with RSS[edit]

Singh was active in the Quit India Movement of 1942 and it was during this time that he came in contact with the RSS.[5][9] The Sangh influenced his life thereafter. He resigned from his university post in 1966 and offered full-time services to the RSS as a pracharak.[5][10]

Beginning in Uttar Pradesh, Singh progressed to be the Sar-karyavaha (General Secretary) in the 1980s.[5] In March 1994, Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras, the third chief of RSS, decided to retire on health grounds, becoming the first RSS chief ever to relinquish the post. He appointed Singh as his successor.[11] Sheshadri was appointed second-in-charge, as Sarkaryawah.

While in Uttar Pradesh, Singh worked with Lal Bahadur Shastri, Chandra Shekhar and V.P. Singh.[11]

Arguably Rajju Bhaiya’s term of six years was one of the most crucial for both Sangh and India. Singh shared an excellent rapport with political leaders, cutting across ideological lines, as well as with academics, social workers and intellectuals.[5]

1998 saw the pragmatic shift of Indian politics when the main opposition party, the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) emerged as the largest party in the ruling National Democratic Alliance (NDA) coalition at the Centre. This was a crucial period for the RSS and its political wing BJP. The BJP and the RSS shared many common ideologies.[citation needed]

He gave up the post of Sarsanghchalak on account of his failing health in February 2000 and nominated K. S. Sudarshan as his successor.[5]

During emergency he went underground and toured whole India. Singh was also responsible for organizing human rights convention presided by Justice VM Tarkunde in Delhi in 1976. He was also responsible for setting up friends of India Society International.[12]


One of the most important beliefs of Singh was: "All people are basically nice. One should deal with every person by believing in his goodness. Anger, jealousy, etc. are the offshoots of his past experiences, which affect his behavior. Primarily every person is nice and everyone is reliable."[13]

Like other Sarsanghchalaks he was a firm believer in the concept of swadeshi and empowering rural economy. Initiating the rural developmental activities, he had declared in 1995 that the utmost priority should be given in making the villages hunger-free, disease-free and educative. Today, there are over 100 villages where the rural development work done by swayamsevaks has inspired the people of surrounding villages and their experiments are being emulated by those people.[14]

Last days[edit]

Singh wanted to establish a memorial named after Bismil in Delhi, the capital of India.[15] He died on 14 July 2003 at Kaushik Ashram in Pune, Maharashtra.[5]

Posthumous Recognition[edit]


  1. Islam, Shamsul (2006). Religious Dimensions of Indian Nationalism: A Study of RSS. Anamika Pub & Distributors. p. 36. ISBN 9788174952363. Retrieved 18 August 2018.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "RSS conclave ends with a resolve to transcend caste divisions in Hindu society".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 "Rajju Bhaiyya as I know Him". Archived from the original on 27 January 2014. Retrieved 6 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. Krant, Madan Lal Verma (1998). "Ashirvachan". Sarfaroshi Ki Tamanna (Part-1) (in Hindi). New Delhi: Praveen Prakashan. p. 7. OCLC 468022633. मेरे पिताजी सन् 1921-22 के लगभग शाहजहाँपुर में इंजीनियर थे....(ह०) राजेन्द्र सिंह (सरसंघचालक, राष्ट्रीय स्वयंसेवक संघ) (en: My father was posted as Engineer at Shahjahanpur in near about 1921-22....(Sd) Rajendra Singh, Sarsanghchalak, R.S.S.)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 "From N-physicist to RSS chief". The Tribune. New Delhi. 14 July 2003. Retrieved 6 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Chitkara, M. G. (2004). Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh: National Upsurge. APH Publishers. p. 357. ISBN 9788176484657.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Leon, Peter (1998). Conflict between India and Pakistan: An Encyclopedia. ABC-CLIO Inc. p. 150. ISBN 9781576077122.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. Rajju Bhaiyya was a father figure to Parivar
  9. Rajju Bhaiyya was a father figure to Parivar
  10. Rajju Bhaiyya was a father figure to Parivar
  11. 11.0 11.1 "He was the final word for the Parivar". Rediff.com.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. "The complete swayamsewak".<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. Bhagwat, Mohanrao (18 July 2004). "First death anniversary of Singh on July 14 - Sangh work first, I come later". The Organiser. Archived from the original on 6 October 2008. Retrieved 7 September 2009.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Chauhan, Surendra Singh (16 August 2009). "Bharatiya Concept of Rural Development". The Organiser. Retrieved 6 December 2012.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  15. Hindu Sabha Varta(Weekly), New Delhi,30 July - 5 August 2003, Prof.Rajendra Singh (Rajju Bhaiya),page-12
  16. Dr. Pramod Kumar Yadawa. "Director’s Message". Retrieved on 25 November 2019.
Preceded by
Madhukar Dattatraya Deoras,
Sarsanghchalak of the RSS
1994 – 2000
Succeeded by
K. S. Sudarshan

External links[edit]

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