Panun Kashmir

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Panun Kashmir
Proposed union territory
Country  India
Union Territory Jammu and Kashmir
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)

Panun Kashmir (Our Kashmir) is a proposed union territory of India in the Kashmir Valley, which is intended to be a homeland for Kashmiri Hindus. The creation of Panun Kashmir is advocated by an organisation known as the Kashmiri Pandit Network (KPN) which was founded in December 1990.[1][2][3][4][5]

Origin and etymology[edit]

Panun Kashmir means our own Kashmir in Kashmiri. The Panun Kashmir organization was founded in 1990 after the exodus of Kashmiri Hindus from Kashmir, under threat from Islamic terrorists sponsored by Pakistan's intelligence services. Approximately 300,000[6][7][8] to 600,000[9][10][11] Kashmiri Hindus fled Kashmir due to rising Islamic terrorism in Kashmir. However, Panun Kashmir estimates nearly 700,000 refugees.[12]

Proposed union territory of Panun Kashmir[edit]

The organization passed a resolution in 1991 demanding that:

(a) the establishment of a Homeland for the Kashmiri Hindus in the Valley of Kashmir comprising the regions of the Valley to the East and North of river Jhelum.

(b) that the Constitution of India be made applicable in letter and spirit in this Homeland in order to ensure right to life, liberty, freedom of expression and faith, equality and rule of law.

(c) that the Homeland be placed under the Central administration with a Union Territory status; and

(d) that all the seven hundred thousand Kashmiri Hindus, including those who have been driven out of Kashmir in the past and yearn to return to their homeland and those who were forced to leave on account of terrorist violence in Kashmir, be settled in the homeland on an equitable basis with dignity and honor.[13]

Some advocates for Panun Kashmir wish that the majority of the valley of Kashmir and cities such as Srinagar, Anantnag, Sopore, Baramulla and Awantipora be included in the proposed union territory. However, the organization claims that it in fact does not seek a Hindu homeland. Rather, it seeks a homeland for Kashmiri Hindus who are ready to live peacefully with their Muslim neighbours assuming the conditions are met for resettlement.

See also[edit]


  1. Excelsior, Daily (9 January 2017). "Involve 'Panun Kashmir' in talks on return of KPs: Ambardar". Retrieved 14 March 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. Wirsing, Robert (2003). Kashmir in the Shadow of War: Regional Rivalries in a Nuclear Age. M.E. Sharpe. p. 149. ISBN 9780765610898.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. PTI, (Press Trust of India) (28 July 2019). "Carve out separate Union territory for Kashmiri Pandits along Jhelum river: Panun Kashmir". India Today. Retrieved 25 October 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. India, Press Trust of (22 August 2019). "700 eminent Kashmiri Pandits support Centre's decision on Article 370: Panun Kashmir". Business Standard India. Retrieved 25 October 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "Post 370, Kashmiri Pandits wait to return to their homes". The Sunday Guardian Live. 19 October 2019. Retrieved 25 October 2019.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Singh, Devinder (21 November 2014). "Reinventing Agency, Sacred Geography and Community Formation: The Case of Displaced Kashmiri Pandits in India". The Changing World Religion Map. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands. pp. 397–414. doi:10.1007/978-94-017-9376-6_20. ISBN 9789401793759.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. "PROTECTION ASPECTS OF UNHCR ACTIVITIES ON BEHALF OF INTERNALLY DISPLACED PERSONS". Refugee Survey Quarterly. 14 (1–2): 176–191. 1995. doi:10.1093/rsq/14.1-2.176. ISSN 1020-4067.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>:The mass exodus began on 1 March 1990, when about 250,000 of the 300,000 Kashmiri Pandits fled the State
  8. Yong, Amos (2011). "Constructing China's Jerusalem: Christians, Power, and Place in Contemporary Wenzhou - By Nanlai Cao". Religious Studies Review. 37 (3): 236. doi:10.1111/j.1748-0922.2011.01544_1.x. ISSN 0319-485X.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. "CIA - The World Factbook -- India". 13 May 2009. at least 600,000 (about half are Kashmiri Pandits from Jammu and Kashmir) (2007) Cite journal requires |journal= (help)<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Casimir, Michael J.; Lancaster, William; Rao, Aparna (1 June 1997). "Editorial". Nomadic Peoples. 1 (1): 3–4. doi:10.3167/082279497782384668. ISSN 0822-7942.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>:From 1947 on, Kashmir's roughly 700,000 Hindus felt increasingly uneasy and discriminated against, and youth … from a variety of sources such as Islamist organizations, Islamic countries, Kashmiri Muslim fund raisers in the West, and migrant labor from Azad Kashmir in the …
  11. Sarkaria, Mallika Kaur (2009). "Powerful Pawns of the Kashmir Conflict: Kashmiri Pandit Migrants". Asian and Pacific Migration Journal. 18 (2): 197–230. doi:10.1177/011719680901800202. ISSN 0117-1968.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>:… of the Centre of Central Asian Studies, Kashmir University, and member of Panun Kashmir (a Pandit … the Valley in 1990, believes "it could be anything between 300,000 to 600,000 people
  12. "A Homeland for the Kashmiri Pandits". Panun Kashmir. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. "Why Homeland? Introduction". Panun Kashmir. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>

External links[edit]

Template:Proposed states and territories of India