Christophe Jaffrelot

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Christophe Jaffrelot
Nationality France
Occupation Political Scientist
Known for Studies of South Asian Politics

Christophe Jaffrelot is a French political scientist specialising in South Asia, particularly India and Pakistan. He is director of the Centre d'études et de recherches internationales (CERI) at Sciences Po and director of research at the Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS).

Education[edit]

He is a graduate of the institut d’études politiques (Sciences Po) in Paris, the université de Paris-I Panthéon-Sorbonne and of the Institut national des langues et civilisations orientales (INALCO). He has a doctorate of political science from Sciences Po in 1991, and has received a post-doctoral Habilitation degree.[1]

He currently works at the Centre for Studies in International Relations (CERI) at Sciences Po and served as its Director during the period 2000-2008.[2] He is currently a Senior Research Fellow at CNRS, and a Professor at Sciences Po. He is also a visiting professor at the India Institute, King's College London and a Global Scholar the Princeton University.[1]

He is the senior editor of the Sciences Po book series, Comparative Politics and International Relations published by C. Hurst & Co. He has been the editor-in-chief of Critique Internationale and serves on the editorial boards of Nations and Nationalism and International Political Sociology. He is also on the editorial board of The Online Encyclopaedia of Mass Violence.[1]

He often writes columns for the Indian Express and The Caravan, and received the Ramnath Goenka Award for Excellence in Journalism.[3] He was awarded the Brienne Prize for geopolitics by the Defense Ministry of France for his book Le Syndrome Pakistanais.[4]

Jaffrelot's research is centred on South Asia, focusing on the aspects of nationalism and democracy, Hindu nationalism, caste mobilisation in politics and ethnic conflicts. His interest in India was kindled when he was still in school, through a philosophy teacher well-versed in Indian philosophy. He visited India when he was 20 and found the Indian society interesting in many different ways.[5]

Publications[edit]

On India
  • Les Nationalistes hindous (in French), Presses de Sciences Po, Paris, 1993
  • The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian politics, London: C. Hurst & Co. and Penguin India, 1996, ISBN 978-1850653011; also published as Hindu Nationalism in India by Columbia University Press, 1998.
  • L'Inde contemporaine de 1950 à nos jours (in French), direction, Fayard, Paris, 1996, rééd. 1997, 2006
  • La Démocratie en Inde. Religion, caste et politique (in French), Fayard, Paris, 1998
  • Dr Ambedkar - Leader intouchable et père de la Constitution indienne (in French), Sciences Po 2000, ISBN 2-7246-0800-3
  • The BJP and the Compulsions of Politics in India, co-edited with Thomas Blom Hansen, Oxford University Press India, 2000, ISBN 0195652495.
  • Tribus et basses castes. Résistance et autonomie dans la société indienne (in French), co-direction avec Marine Carrin, École des hautes études en sciences sociales, Paris, 2003
  • India's Silent Revolution. The Rise of the Lower Castes in North India, Columbia University Press, C. Hurst & Co. and New Delhi: Permanent Black, 2003.[6]
  • Ambedkar and Untouchability. Analysing and Fighting Caste, New Delhi: Permanent Black, C. Hurst & Co. and Columbia University Press, 2004
  • Sangh Parivar: A Reader (edited), Oxford University Press, 2005, ISBN 0-19-568365-X.[7]
  • Inde : la démocratie par la caste. Histoire d'une mutation socio-politique (1885–2005) (in French), Fayard, Paris, 2005, ISBN 2-213-62426-7
  • Hindu Nationalism: A Reader (edited), Princeton University Press, 2007, ISBN 0-691-13097-3.
  • Patterns of Middle Class Consumption in India and China, co-edited with Peter van der Veer, SAGE Publications, 2008, ISBN 0761936238.
  • India since 1950: Society, Politics, Economy and Culture (edited), New Delhi: Yatra Books, 2011.[8]
  • Muslims in Indian Cities: Trajectories of Marginalisation, co-edited with Laurent Gayer, C. Hurst & Co., 2012, ISBN 1849041768.
  • Rise of the Plebeians? The Changing Face of the Indian Legislative Assemblies, co-edited with Sanjay Kumar, Routledge, 2009, ISBN 0415460921.
  • Religion, Caste, and Politics in India, C. Hurst & Co., 2011, ISBN 978-1849041386.[9]
  • Saffron Modernity in India: Narendra Modi and his Experiment with Gujarat, C. Hurst & Co., 2015, ISBN 1849044295.
On Pakistan
  • Le Pakistan (in French), direction, Fayard, Paris, 2000
  • Le Pakistan, carrefour de tensions régionales (in French), direction, Complexe, Bruxelles, 1999, rééd. 2002
  • Pakistan. Nationalism without a Nation?, direction, New Delhi: Manohar, London: Centre de sciences humaines and New York: Zed Books, 2002, rééd. 2004, ISBN 1842771175.
  • A History of Pakistan and Its Origins, direction, London: Anthem, 2004, ISBN 1843311496.
  • Le Syndrome Pakistanais (in French), 2013, ISBN 9782213661704
  • The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience, C. Hurst & Co., 2015, ISBN 1849043299.
On South Asia
  • Armed Militias of South Asia: Fundamentalists, Maoists and Separatists, co-edited with Laurent Gayer, C. Hurst & Co., 2009, ISBN 185065977X.
Other topics
  • Démocraties d'ailleurs. Démocraties et démocratisations hors d'Occident, direction, Karthala, Paris, 2000
  • Revisiting Nationalism. Theories and Processes, co-edited with Alain Dieckhoff, C. Hurst & Co., 2005
  • Emerging States: The Wellspring of a New World Order (edited), C. Hurst & Co., 2009, ISBN 1850659710.

Reception[edit]

His work was extensively quoted in the atrocity literature that flooded the western media in the aftermath of Gujarat ‘as the authoritative study of [Hindu] groups’. 128 Jaffrelot also has strong influence in the foreign policy of France with regard to India. CERI, where he works, is a think-tank which works closely with CAP, the policy planning unit of the French foreign ministry. (Rajiv Malhotra, Breaking India)

Dr. Kanwar Singh writes that Jaffrelot's writing are based on extensive fieldwork and referencing and his works had made him an "influential voice in the west" and has considerable clout in the policy formulation of the French Foreign ministry. Dr. Singh accuses Jaffrelot of sweepingly calls the Hindu nationalist movements as anti modern and anti progressive when many such movements have been the "harbinger of social reform and social work".[10]

Richard White wrote that Jaffrelot – based on the research and understanding of Indian society and politics – predicted that the Hindu nationalist ideology-based Bharatiya Janata Party will not be able to win general elections and form the central government, a prediction that proved to be incorrect to Jaffrelot's misfortune.[11]

According to Bhagwan Josh, Jaffrelot's The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics is based on extensive fieldwork and effort making it an "immensely rewarding read", but makes a number of "untenable assumptions" regarding the nature of Indian culture, "Hindu consciousness/identity", and the nature of early Hindu nationalism within the Indian National Congress.[12] According to T. V. Sathyamurthy, Jaffrelot's scholarship on Hindu nationalism is an important contribution with empirical depth and field research in Madhya Pradesh and the interviews of RSS members.[13] He states that Jaffrelot's insights include Hindutva as a form of nationalism that is based on a "cultural criteria rather than on racial theory" and a view of "politics based on ethnic nationalism". Along with this and numerous other remarkable insights, states Sathyamurthy, Jaffrelot advocates a flawed theory of nationalism being "Stigmatising and Emulating Threatening Others", one that is "not only childish" but also "psychologically reductionist and politically nonsensical" in the context of India.[13]

According to Asad Abbasi of London School of Economics, Jaffrelot's book The Pakistan Paradox is a necessary text for every student interested in Pakistan. However, states Abbasi, the book is "littered with spelling mistakes, repetition, tense conflicts and other silly errors — on page 130, Mumtaz Bhutto is cousin of ZA Bhutto, but by page 134 Mumtaz becomes Benazir’s cousin".[14] According to Tania Patel, Jaffrelot provides "compelling insights for understanding the nuances of the contestations and continuities in Pakistan’s state and society" and elaborates "the country’s chronic instability in three contradictions whose roots lie in tensions apparent since the 1940s".[15]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Christophe Jaffrelot". CERI, Sciences Po. Retrieved 2014-09-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  2. "History". CERI, SciencesPo. Retrieved 2014-09-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  3. "News". Sciences Po. Retrieved 2014-09-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  4. "Christophe Jaffrelot à l'honneur". Sciences Po. Retrieved 2014-09-19.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  5. "India's an open book to him". The Hindu. 9 March 2011. Retrieved 2014-11-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  6. Zoya Hasan (2 February 2003). "The democratisation of politics". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-11-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  7. Jyotirmaya Sharma (27 September 2005). "Hindu nationalist politics". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-11-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  8. K. N. Panikkar (12 March 2012). "Ambitious compendium of India". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-11-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  9. K. N. Panikkar (24 March 2011). "When caste and religion surged". The Hindu. Retrieved 2014-11-09.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  10. Singh, Kanwar Chanderdeep. ". Deconstructing Distortions Left's Readings on Hindu Nationalism -PDF". IJRSS.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  11. White, Richard A.J. (1997). "The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian politics: 1925 to the 1990s". International Affairs. Oxford University Press. 73 (2): 395–395. doi:10.2307/2623888.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  12. Josh, Bhagwan (2000). "Book Reviews : CHRISTOPHE JAFFRELOT, The Hindu Nationalist Movement and Indian Politics, 1920 to the 1990s, Delhi, Viking, 1996, pp. 592 + xxiii, Rs 400". Studies in History. SAGE Publications. 16 (2): 291–296. doi:10.1177/025764300001600211.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  13. 13.0 13.1 T. V. Sathyamurthy (1997). "Review: Hindu Nationalism in Indian Politics". Economic and Political Weekly. 32 (47): 3000–3003. JSTOR 4406091.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
  14. Book Review: The Pakistan Paradox: Instability and Resilience by Christophe Jaffrelot, Asad Abbasi, LSE, UK (2016)
  15. Patel, Tania Anupam (2016-04-02). "The Pakistan paradox: instability and resilience". Contemporary South Asia. 24 (2): 211–212. doi:10.1080/09584935.2016.1200431.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>


  • Rajiv Malhotra, Breaking India

External links[edit]