This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)
In Indian religions and society, an acharya (IAST: ācārya) is a preceptor or instructor in religious matters; founder, or leader of a sect; or a highly learned man or a title affixed to the names of learned men. The designation has different meanings in Hinduism, Buddhism and secular contexts. It is also a Brahmin surname found in Nepal and across India, including Odisha, West Bengal and Maharashtra.
Acharya is sometimes used to address a teacher or a scholar in any discipline, e.g.: Bhaskaracharya, the mathematician. It is also a common suffix in Viswabrahmin names, e.g.: sankaracharya. In South India, this suffix is sometimes shortened to Achar, e.g., TKV Desikachar.
The term "acharya" is most often said to include the root "char" or "charya" (conduct). Thus it literally connotes "one who teaches by conduct (example)," i.e. an exemplar.
In Hinduism, an acharya (आचार्य) is a formal title of a teacher or guru, who has attained a degree in Vedanga.
The Five Main Acharyas in the Hindu tradition are:
- Adi Sankaracharya
- Nimbarkacharya
- Vallabhacharya
- Mahamahopadhyay Achrya Bhadresh swami
- Sri Ramakrishna
- Swami Vivekananda
- Srila Bhaktivinoda Thakura
- Srila Bhaktisiddhanta Sarasvati Thakura
- Srila A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, founder-acharya of ISKCON
In Buddhism, acharya is a senior teacher. Notable acharyas:
- Pema Chödrön (b. 1936) acharya at Gampo Abbey
In Jainism, an acharya is the highest leader of a Jain order. Acharya is one of the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi (five supreme beings) and thus worthy of worship. They are the final authority in the monastic order and has the authority to ordain new monks and nuns. They are also authorized to consecrate new idols, although this authority is sometimes delegated to scholars designated by them.
An acharya, like any other Jain monk, is expected to wander except for the Chaturmas. Bhaṭṭārakas, who head institutions, are technically junior monks, and thus permitted to stay in the same place.
In scientific/mathematical scholarship
In Sanskrit institutions, acharya is a post-graduate degree.
<templatestyles src="Reflist/styles.css" />
- ↑ Platts, John T. (1884). A dictionary of Urdu, classical Hindi, and English [archive]. London: W. H. Allen & Co.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- ↑ [viswakarma community] Although famous for being the proponent of advaita vad, he established the supremecy of bhakti to Krishn.
- ↑ He propagated the bhakti of Bhagwan Vishnu. Source: Ramanujacharya [archive] Archived [archive] 26 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
- ↑ His philosophy is called dvaita vad. His primary teaching is that "the only goal of a soul is to selflessly and wholeheartedly love and surrender to God" Source:  [archive]
- ↑ His writings say that Radha Krishn are the supreme form of God.
- ↑ His writings explains the "vaidik aksharpurshottam darsan" Source: [archive]
- ↑ "Ani Pema Chödrön" [archive]. Gampo Abbey. Retrieved 21 October 2014.<templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles>
- Webarchive template wayback links
- Use dmy dates from February 2016
- Articles with invalid date parameter in template
- Use Indian English from February 2016
- All Wikipedia articles written in Indian English
- Pages with broken file links
- Articles needing additional references from March 2015
- All articles needing additional references
- All articles with unsourced statements
- Articles with unsourced statements from January 2017
- Articles with unsourced statements from March 2015
- Articles with unsourced statements from March 2014
- Articles with unsourced statements from JUNE 2021
- Jain ascetics
- Buddhist acharyas
- Titles and occupations in Hinduism
- Hindu philosophical concepts
- Buddhist titles
- Swaminarayan sect of Hinduism
- Titles in India
- History of education in India
- Jain religious occupations